Childhood in the Past, Part 2, Vol. 10 is out now!

Welcome to Part 2 of Volume 10 of Childhood in the Past, the journal of the Society for the Study of Childhood in the Past (SSCIP). This issue includes two research papers and five book reviews.

Screen Shot 2017-09-22 at 11.51.23 AM.png

In the first of the research papers Jennifer Bengtson highlights the lack of infant-focused research that has been undertaken in pre-Columbian North America. Her paper deals with the Mississippian cultural tradition and involves an exploration of an unusual structure referred to as ‘House 1’ from the Hunze-Evans village site in Southeast Missouri. Previous interpretations of the structure have identified its special association with women but Bengtson’s work enables a deeper level of interpretation to be gained through the exploration of issues related to womanhood, including fertility, childbirth and infancy. She concludes that the structure represents a unique, local expression of Mississippian cosmological themes related to gender and fertility that were expressed through infant-focused activity, including mortuary ceremonialism, childbirth and associated ritual seclusion.

Héctor Hernández Álvarez’s study focuses on the experience of childhood during the late nineteenth and early twentieth century in the State of Yucatán, Mexico. His study explores the material culture used by children who would have lived at San Pedro Cholul, a hacienda devoted to the cultivation and processing of henequen fibre for export. Yucatán’s Gilded Age (1873–1925) is characterized by an industrial revolution based on the exploitation of henequen and the evidence derived from the site enabled an understanding to be gained about the role of children in these productive processes as well as the nature of child labour at this time. The diversity of artefacts recovered from the site also allowed insights to be gleaned in relation to play, work and child health, while distribution patterns of the material remains demonstrated that children both played and worked inside their house lots. Mechanisms for the socialization of children ensured continuity for the production and reproduction of cultural knowledge that took into account the diverse roles and obligations they had within their families and broader communities.

The journal ends with a collection of book reviews edited by Simon Mays. The reviews cover an eclectic array of books on the topics of care in the past, children and everyday life in the Roman and Late Antique World, emotional responses in the wake of childhood death in premodern Europe, the relation of literacy and property to childhood in nineteenth-century America, and religious childhoods in nineteenth- and twentieth-century Anglo-World and British Colonial contexts. As always, we express our gratitude to all of the contributors and reviewers whose support has enabled our journal to continue to thrive.

    Text taken from the Editorial by Eileen M. Murphy.
    Advertisements
    Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

    Register now – 1st SSCIP Biannual Lecture “Excavating Literature for Signs of Childness”

    The first SSCIP biannual lecture will be taking place on 25th October 2017 at Staffordshire University. 

    “Excavating Literature for Signs of Childness”

    Dr Farah Mendlesohn

    Abstract

    In this paper I will discuss how narratives around significant historical events–in this case the English Civil War–have triple layered constructions of childhood, sometimes (but not always) attempting to depict historical childhood and historical relationships to events, but always depicting contemporary childhood and ideologies of childhood. The paper looks at texts written for children and teens from the early nineteenth century to the present day, all of which were written at least in part to propound a particular take on the Civil Wars and to grow a particular type of child.

    Additional details

    This presentation will last one hour and will be followed by a 15 minute slot for questions and refreshments.

    For further enquiries please contact Dr Kirsty Squires (Kirsty.Squires@staffs.ac.uk)

    Register here for free.

    Screen Shot 2017-09-09 at 6.54.23 pm

    Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

    The 10th anniversary edition of Childhood in the Past is out now!

    Take a look at the contents of Childhood in the Past – Volume 10.1 – 2017:

    Editorial – Ten Years of Childhood in the Past

    Eileen M. Murphy

    Invited paper

    SSCIP: The First Ten Years

    Sally Crawford

    Research papers

    Landscapes of Childhood: Places and Material Culture

    Margarita Sánchez Romero

    Child Bioarchaeology: Perspectives on the Past Ten Years

    Simon Mays, Rebecca Gowland, Siân Halcrow and Eileen Murphy

    Reflections on Interdisciplinarity in the Study of Childhood in the Past

    Jane Eva Baxter, Shauna Vey, Erin Halstad McGuire, Suzanne Conway and Deborah E. Blom

    Homo faber juvenalis: A Multidisciplinary Survey of Children as Tool Makers/Users

    David F. Lancy

    Book reviews, edited by Simon Mays

    The Archaeology of Childhood: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on an Archaeological Enigma. Edited by Güner Coşkunsu – reviewed by Siân E. Halcrow

    British Hymn Books for Children, 1800-1900. Re-Tuning the History of Childhood. By Alisa Clapp-Itnyre – reviewed by Siân Pooley

    Childhood, Youth and Emotions in Modern History: National, Colonial and Global Perspectives. Edited by Stephanie Olsen – reviewed by Leticia Fernández-Fontecha Rumeu

    The End of American Childhood: A History of Parenting from Life on the Frontier to the Managed Child. By Paula S. Fass – reviewed by Jane Eva Baxter

    Home Decoration. By Charles Franklin Warner – reviewed by Lynne McKerr

    Adolescence in Modern Irish History. Edited by Catherine Cox and Susannah Riordan – reviewed by Virginia Crossman

     

    Screen Shot 2017-05-19 at 11.15.56 pm

     

    From Eileen Murphy’s Editorial – Ten Years of Childhood in the Past

    Volume 10.1 commences with an invited contribution by SSCIP President, Sally Crawford, in which she reviews the many and varied activities of the Society over the past 10 years. She provides an important account of the events that led to the formation of the Society and indeed Childhood in the Past. She ends by reflecting on the achievements the Society had made over the past 10 years and expresses a desire to continue supporting all those working in the field of past childhood studies.

    The volume also includes four research papers, each of which have been led and developed by members of the SSCIP Committee. As mentioned above, the first paper by Margarita Sánchez Romero investigates the historiography of research undertaken into past childhood through a review of the subjects dealt within the past issues of Childhood in the Past. Her approach uses bodies, places and material culture to examine a variety of landscapes of childhood – landscapes of care and affection, landscapes of learning, landscapes of socialization, landscapes of uncertainty and, finally, landscapes of research in which she identifies potential future avenues of research. The second paper by Simon Mays, Rebecca Gowland, Siân Halcrow and I reviews key developments that have been made in the field of child bioarchaeology over the past 10 years. The paper includes a bibliometric study of publications in physical anthropology/osteoarchaeological journals over a 10-year period to assess the general trends that have occurred in relation to the study of the skeletal remains of children. It then proceeds to examine the social bioarchaeology of the child, in which a number of important theoretical frameworks used for positioning children in past societies, in particular the life course approach, are discussed. The bibliometrical study indicated that many of the publications with a focus on child bioarchaeology have concentrated on diet and palaeopathology and innovations in these areas are also explored. The paper concludes with the observation that bioarchaeological studies that integrate children and adults will contribute to a more complete view of past societies.

    In their paper, Jane Eva Baxter and colleagues provide their personal reflections on interdisciplinarity in the study of childhood in the past. They start with the observation that a key characteristic of studies of childhood in the past is their interdisciplinary nature and suggest this situation has arisen for two main reasons; interest in the field is a relatively recent phenomenon and the study of past childhood has been largely marginalized in traditional disciplinary approaches. They are of the view that spaces that allow scholars to come together to address past childhood as an area of study, such as those provided through SSCIP conferences or in the pages of Childhood in the Past, are essential. Four reflective essays are written by scholars from different backgrounds – theatre history (Shauna Vey), art history (Suzanne Conway), archaeology/teaching (Erin Halstad McGuire) and bioarchaeology (Deborah E. Blom). Each reflective essay considers the development and significance of interdisciplinary thinking in their work and also provides insights in relation to the discipline in which they practice.

    David Lancy’s paper provides a multidisciplinary survey of children as tool makers/users with the overall goal of deriving a set of generalizations that might characterize children as the makers/users of tools in early hominin societies. His information is derived from lithic archaeology, studies of juvenile chimps as novice tool users, recent laboratory work in human infant and child cognition in relation to the use of objects as tools and the ethnographic study of children learning about the tools used by their communities. He argues that this multidisciplinary approach has the potential to provide greater insights in relation to the development of children as tool makers and users than has previously been available to scholars working within narrow disciplinary constraints.

    The journal ends with 6 book reviews compiled by Simon Mays. The first reviews Güner Coşkunsu’s edited volume on interdisciplinary perspectives on the archaeology of childhood. Four of the other books are historical in nature and deal with a variety of diverse topics including, 19th-century British hymn books, childhood, youth and emotions, a history of parenting in America and adolescence in modern Irish history. Lynne McKerr’s review on Charles Franklin Warner’s book on Home Decoration was chosen for the special issue because, as she describes, it is one of a series of culturally significant ‘Forgotten Books’ which are out of copyright and have been subsequently digitized and made freely available. First published in 1911, it offers a fascinating insight into contemporary aspirations and ambitions for children living in early 20th-century America.

     

     

    Posted in Archaeology, Bioarchaeology, Journal, Uncategorized | 1 Comment

    Coming soon – CHILDREN, DEATH AND BURIAL: ARCHAEOLOGICAL DISCOURSES, VOLUME 5

    COMING SOON – FROM CHILDHOOD IN THE PAST MONOGRAPH SERIES SOCIETY FOR THE STUDY OF CHILDHOOD IN THE PAST, EDITED BY EILEEN MURPHY AND MÉLIE LE ROY

    Screen Shot 2017-03-19 at 7.29.41 pm.png

    Children, Death and Burials assembles a panorama of studies with a focus on juvenile burials; the 16 papers have a wide geographic and temporal breadth and represent a range of methodological approaches. All have a similar objective in mind, however, namely to understand how children were treated in death by different cultures in the past; to gain
    insights concerning the roles of children of different ages in their respective societies,
    and to find evidence of the nature of past adult–child relationships and interactions across the life course.

    The contextualisation and integration of the data collected, both in the field and in the laboratory, enables more nuanced understandings to be gained in relation to the experiences of the young in the past. A broad range of issues are addressed within the volume, including the inclusion/exclusion of children in particular burial environments and the impact of age in relation to the place of children in society.

    Child burials clearly embody identity and ‘the domestic child’, ‘the vulnerable child’, ‘the high status child’, ‘the cherished child’, ‘the potential child’, ‘the ritual child’ and the ‘political child’, and combinations thereof, are evident throughout the narratives. Investigation of the burial practices afforded to children is pivotal to enlightenment in relation to key facets of past life, including the emotional responses shown towards children during life and in death, as well as an understanding of their place within the social strata and ritual activities of their societies.
    9781785707124 | OXBOW BOOKS | PAPERBACK | £40.00
    PRE-PUBLICATION PRICE: £30.00*

    Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment

    Call for papers: SSCIP conference, Mexico City, Nov 2017

    call-for-papers-2017

    Society for the Study of Childhood in the Past 10th International Conference: The Life and Death of Children in the Past, November 6th – 8th, 2017, Templo Mayor Museum, Free Entrance

    Submission of proposals
    • Abstracts accepted from March 10th – June 30th, 2017.
    • All abstracts must be sent by e-mail to sscipmexico2017@hotmail.com
    • Abstracts must have a maximum of 200 words.
    • Once the proposals have been evaluated, acceptance letters will be sent electronically.
    • Individual and co-authored works may be submitted.

    The presentations
    • Presentations will last 15 minutes. We ask you to be very strict with the time of each presentation.
    • In addition, each speaker will have five minutes to answer questions.
    • Papers will be accepted in both Spanish and English.
    • The organizing committee will provide a laptop and projector for projection of presentations in PowerPoint format for Windows.
    • There is no fee to present a paper.

    Venue
    • The Conference venue will be the Eduardo Matos Moctezuma Auditorium of the Templo Mayor Museum, in the Historic Center of Mexico City.
    • Entry is free, but audience seating is limited to 139 people.

    Posted in Uncategorized | 1 Comment

    Roman childhood: a date for your diary

    roman-childhoodGrowing up in the Roman Empire: A multidisciplinary approach to Roman childhood

    An evening event held in the beautiful World Heritage site of Durham Castle. Two talks by leading experts in Roman childhood bring together a wide range of archaeological, skeletal and historical evidence for understanding the experience, perceptions and care of children in the Roman World.

    Professor Maureen Carroll (University of Sheffield)

    Dr Rebecca Gowland (Durham University)

    Location: The Senate Suite, University College (The Castle), Durham

    Date/Time: 5.00-7.30pm, Friday 19th May

    Drinks and Canapes included

    £15 (£10 for members of the Roman Society or SSCIP)

    Places are limited and allocated on a first come first served basis. To book a place, please send this form , together with your payment to Rebecca Gowland, Department of Archaeology, South Road, Durham, DH1 3LE. Please make cheques payable to Durham University.

    For further information contact: rebecca.gowland@dur.ac.uk

    Posted in event | Tagged , , , , , , | Leave a comment

    Forager Child Studies

    (a message from the Forager Child Studies Group):

    We would like to inform you of a new and exciting research project coming out of the forager child studies research team (foragerchildstudies.wordpress.com).

    We are looking to conduct a cross-cultural analysis of the ecological factors that influence forager children’s participation in play and work activities across the lifespan. More specifically, we are looking for data made up of frequency of observations (from either focal follows or scan samples) spent in work, and frequency of observations spent in play for boys and girls in early childhood, middle childhood, and, if possible, adolescence.

    If you have this kind of data, please contact us at foragerchildstudies@gmail.com

    Also, please consider joining our listserv. Just started, this listserv will serve as place to share and learn about research on forager children https://groups.google.com/forum/#!forum/foragerchildstudies

    Source: Our Research

    Posted in Uncategorized | Leave a comment